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1150: Moors use cannabis to start Europe's first paper mill

The Moorish conquest of Spain brought papermaking into Europe. Using hemp and linen rags as a source of fiber, the first recorded paper mill in the Iberian Peninsula started operating in Xàtiva in 1151.[2]

 

Both Spain and Italy claim to be the first to manufacture paper in Europe.[3] One of the first paper mills in Europe was in Xativa (now Jativa or St. Felipe de Javita in the ancient city of Valencia and it can be dated to CE 1151. [3]

Some scholars claim that the Arabs built the Xativa mill in approximately CE 1009. Papermaking continued under Moorish rule until 1244 when the moors were expelled. Paper making then began to gradually spread across Christian Europe.[4]

 

1. http://www.al-bab.com/arab/literature/lit.htm)
2. Fuller, Neathery Batsell (2002). "A Brief history of paper". Retrieved 2011-01-24.
4. Hunter, Dard 1943 (1970) Papermaking. The History and Technique of and Ancient Craft. Dover publications, New York.
3. Hunter, Dard 1943 (1970) Papermaking. The History and Technique of and Ancient Craft. Dover publications, New York.
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